patna sahib, Xplro, Bihar

Patna Sahib: Discover The Heartbeat of Sikh Heritage

In the vibrant city of Patna, Bihar, a spiritual gem awaits. The Patna Sahib Gurudwara, also known as Takht Sri Patna Sahib, isn’t just a place of worship; it’s a wellspring of history and profound peace. Here, the very ground holds significance – it’s the birthplace of Guru Gobind Singh Ji, the tenth Sikh Guru, and his legacy permeates the atmosphere. As one of Sikhism’s five Takhts, or seats of authority, Patna Sahib draws devotees and curious explorers alike.

Step inside the Gurudwara, and tranquility washes over you. The melodious strains of kirtan, devotional hymns sung by devotees, fill the air. The aroma of langar, a communal meal open to all, speaks volumes about the Sikh principles of selfless service and equality.

How to reach:

By Air:

  • The closest airport is Jay Prakash Narayan International Airport (PAT) in Patna, about 15 kilometers away.
  • This airport offers connections to major Indian cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, and Bangalore.
  • Upon arrival, you can reach the Gurudwara by taxi, app-based ride-hailing services, or bus. The journey typically takes 30-45 minutes depending on traffic.

By Train:

  • Patna has several railway stations, but the closest to the Gurudwara is Patna Sahib Railway Station (PNC), just 2 kilometers away.
  • Patna Junction (PNBE), the main station, is also a convenient option but is located about 12 kilometers from the Gurudwara.
  • From Patna Sahib Station, a rickshaw, auto-rickshaw, or taxi can take you to the Gurudwara in 5-10 minutes.
  • From Patna Junction, auto-rickshaws, taxis, or buses can take you to the Gurudwara in about 30 minutes.

By Road:

  • Patna is well-connected by road with national and state highways, making it accessible from neighboring states and cities.
  • Bihar State Road Transport Corporation (BSRTC) and private operators offer regular bus services to Patna.
  • The main bus stands are Mithapur Bus Stand and Gandhi Maidan Bus Stand. From these stands, you can take local transport to reach Patna Sahib Gurudwara.

Best time to visit:

Spring (March – April)

Spring brings moderate temperatures (15°C to 28°C) and a delightful atmosphere. Celebrate Vaisakhi, the Sikh New Year, with special prayers and festivities during this period. Enjoy the blooming scenery and potentially lower accommodation rates, though prices might rise slightly around Vaisakhi.

Summer (May – June)

Summer experiences hot and humid weather (28°C to 40°C), making it the off-season. Despite the heat, this translates to fewer crowds and potential discounts on hotels and travel services. While it might be necessary to take precautions against the heat, you’ll experience a more personal and peaceful visit.

Monsoon (July – September)

The monsoon brings heavy rainfall, refreshing the surroundings but also potentially disrupting travel plans. Temperatures range from 25°C to 32°C with high humidity. While the rain creates a beautiful, lush landscape, factor in the possibility of transportation delays. You’ll encounter fewer tourists and potentially lower accommodation prices during this off-season, but be prepared for the rain’s impact on your itinerary.


Takht Sri Patna Sahib Gurudwara:

Patna Sahib, Takht Sri Patna Sahib

In the heart of Patna, India, Takht Sri Patna Sahib, also known as Harmandir Sahib, rises as more than just a gurudwara, a Sikh house of worship. It’s a cornerstone of the Sikh faith, venerated as the birthplace of Guru Gobind Singh Ji, the tenth Guru. As one of the esteemed Takhts, or seats of authority, it holds profound religious significance for Sikhs across the globe.

The gurudwara’s architecture is a captivating fusion of tradition and modernity. Imagine majestic domes catching the sun’s rays, intricate carvings adorning the walls, and a sense of serenity that washes over you as you step inside. Within the main sanctum lies a treasure trove. Relics such as Guru Gobind Singh Ji’s weapons, manuscripts, and personal belongings are meticulously preserved, offering a powerful link to his life and legacy.

Harmandir Takht:

Harmandir Takht, Xplro, Bihar

The heart of the sprawling Patna Sahib Gurudwara complex beats within the Harmandir Takht. More than just a building, it’s a hallowed ground, venerated as the birthplace of Guru Gobind Singh Ji, the tenth Sikh Guru. Here, history whispers in the very air where the Guru spent his formative years.

Within the Harmandir Takht lies a treasure trove of relics – tangible threads connecting the present to the past. Weapons once held by the Guru himself, handwritten documents offering a window into his thoughts, and personal items imbued with the stories of his life – these artifacts bridge the centuries, fostering a profound connection to his legacy.

Nearby Attractions:

Patan Devi Temple:

Patan Devi Temple, Xplro, Bihar

Across from the imposing Patna Sahib Gurudwara, Patan Devi Temple stands as a proud symbol of Patna’s diverse spiritual landscape. This isn’t just any temple; it’s revered as one of the 51 Shakti Peethas, believed to house fragments of the Goddess Sati.

Enter the temple complex, and a sense of tranquility envelops you. Devotees from all corners of India gather here to offer prayers and seek blessings from Goddess Durga, the temple’s central deity. The rhythmic chanting of hymns fills the air, blending with the comforting aroma of incense.


Golghar, Xplro, Bihar

Patna’s skyline boasts a unique landmark – Golghar, a towering granary built in 1786. More than just a historical monument, it’s a symbol of the city’s fight against famine. This beehive-shaped marvel stands tall at 29 meters, offering a panoramic vista of Patna and the majestic Ganges River from its peak.

The architecture itself tells a story. Imagine a massive structure built entirely of brick, its walls curving upwards without a single pillar. This innovative design showcases the remarkable engineering feats of the colonial era.

Local Experiences:

  • Participate in the Langar: Witness the selfless tradition of langar, the community kitchen that serves free vegetarian meals to all visitors at the gurudwara. You can even volunteer to help prepare and serve food alongside devotees from all walks of life.
  • Hathwa Market and Patna Market: Delve into the bustling Hathwa Market and Patna Market, where you can find a treasure trove of traditional Bihari handicrafts.
  • Shop for Local Delights: Keep an eye out for exquisite Madhubani paintings, colorful silk sarees, and a variety of local snacks. Don’t miss trying the delectable litti chokha, a street food delicacy made with dough balls stuffed with spiced mashed potato and served with a chutney.
  • Attend a Cultural Show: Immerse yourself in the vibrant local culture by catching a traditional Bihari folk dance or music performance.

Travel tips:

  • Dress Modestly: When visiting religious sites, opt for conservative clothing that covers your shoulders and knees.
  • Head Covering: Carry a scarf or head covering, as it’s mandatory to cover your head inside the Gurudwara.
  • Shoe Etiquette: Remove your shoes before entering the Gurudwara and other holy places.
  • Hydration is Key: Especially during the summer months, carry bottled water to stay hydrated in the heat.
  • Health Essentials: Pack basic medicines and a first-aid kit. Consider travel insurance for unexpected situations.
  • Wise Eating: To avoid foodborne illnesses, stick to reputable eateries and be cautious with street food.
  • Local Transport: Explore Patna using auto-rickshaws, cycle-rickshaws, or taxis.
  • Enhanced Experience: Consider hiring a local guide to gain a deeper understanding of the city’s historical and cultural significance.
  • Early Booking: Especially during festivals, book your hotel or guesthouse well in advance to avoid last-minute hassles.
  • Convenient Location: Opt for accommodation close to Patna Sahib Gurudwara for ease of access.
  • Cash is King: While cards are accepted in many places, carry cash for smaller purchases and transportation.
  • ATMs are Available: ATMs are readily available, but having some cash on hand is recommended.
  • Learn a Few Phrases: Learning some basic Hindi phrases can be helpful for communication.
  • Mobile Connectivity: Ensure you have a good data plan or consider acquiring a local SIM card for better connectivity.
  • Respectful Photography: Always ask permission before taking photographs of people or inside religious sites.
  • Observing Rituals: Observe and respect local customs and rituals, especially in religious places.


Unveiling Patna is an enriching experience that blends spiritual discovery with vibrant culture. A cornerstone of this experience is the Takht Sri Patna Sahib Gurudwara, a revered Sikh pilgrimage site marking the birthplace of Guru Gobind Singh Ji. Stepping inside reveals a serene sanctuary adorned with architectural beauty. Prayers and hymns fill the air, creating a profound spiritual atmosphere. But the Gurudwara transcends religion; it’s a vibrant center of community and service, exemplified by the langar tradition offering free meals to all visitors.

Patna unfolds beyond the Gurudwara walls, offering a captivating mosaic of experiences. Explore to delve into bustling local markets brimming with Bihari handicrafts and delicious street food.


What is the significance of Patna Sahib Gurudwara?

  • It is the birthplace of Guru Gobind Singh Ji, the tenth Sikh Guru, and is one of the five Takhts (seats of authority) in Sikhism.

When is the best time to visit Patna Sahib Gurudwara?

  • The ideal times are winter (October to February) and spring (March to April) for pleasant weather and major Sikh festivals.

How do I reach Patna Sahib Gurudwara?

  • You can get there by air (Patna Airport), rail (Patna Junction), and road. Local transport includes taxis, auto-rickshaws, and cycle-rickshaws.

Are there any specific dress codes for visiting the Gurudwara?

  • Yes, wear modest clothing that covers your shoulders and knees, and cover your head with a scarf or cloth.

Is there any accommodation available near Patna Sahib Gurudwara?

  • Yes, there are several hotels and guesthouses nearby. Booking in advance is recommended during festivals.

What facilities are available at Patna Sahib Gurudwara?

  • Facilities include free meals (langar), accommodations (Sarais), clean drinking water, and restrooms.

Can non-Sikhs visit Patna Sahib Gurudwara?

  • Yes, people of all faiths are welcome. Visitors should respect customs and can participate in the langar.

What are some nearby attractions to visit after the Gurudwara?

  • Nearby attractions include Golghar, Patan Devi Temple, Bihar Museum, Patna Zoo, and the Nalanda University ruins.

Are there guided tours available at Patna Sahib Gurudwara?

  • The Gurudwara does not offer official guided tours, but local guides can provide insights.

What should I know about participating in the langar?

  • Everyone is welcome to help prepare and serve food, which symbolizes equality and community service.

Is photography allowed inside Patna Sahib Gurudwara?

  • Photography is not permitted inside the main prayer hall. It is advisable to ask for permission elsewhere.

What are the important festivals celebrated at Patna Sahib Gurudwara?

  • Major festivals include Guru Nanak Jayanti, Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti, Vaisakhi, and Hola Mohalla, featuring prayers, processions, and community meals.

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