Kolkata Botanical Garden, West Bengal, Xplro

Kolkata Botanical Garden: Best Guide to Nature’s Oasis

The Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden, also known as the Kolkata Botanical Garden, is a verdant haven on the banks of the Hooghly River. Established in 1787, this 273-acre sanctuary offers a tranquil escape from Kolkata’s urban energy. It’s a testament to India’s rich botanical heritage and a vital center for plant conservation and research.

Boasting over 12,000 plant species, the garden showcases a remarkable array of native and exotic flora. Among its many treasures, the Great Banyan Tree stands out. Its sprawling canopy, encompassing nearly 4 acres, is a magnificent testament to the power of nature.

How to reach:


  • The closest airport is Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport, roughly 25 kilometers away.
  • Taxis and app-based ride services (Uber, Ola) are readily available for the 45-minute to 1-hour journey (depending on traffic).


  • Kolkata’s main stations are Howrah Junction and Sealdah Railway Station.
  • Howrah Junction: A 30-minute taxi or ride-hailing service covers the 10-kilometer distance.
  • Sealdah Railway Station: Taxis or ride-hailing services take about 45 minutes to an hour for the 20-kilometer trip.


  • The nearest metro station is Rabindra Sadan (Blue Line).
  • Taxis or auto-rickshaws bridge the remaining 12 kilometers to the garden (approximately 30 minutes).


  • Public and private buses travel near the garden. Look for routes towards Shibpur or Howrah.
  • Ask the conductor for the nearest stop and take a short auto-rickshaw ride to the entrance.

Taxi or Auto-Rickshaw:

  • Taxis and auto-rickshaws are abundant throughout Kolkata and can take you directly to the garden.
  • Hotels can often arrange transportation for you.

Ferry (Unique Experience):

  • Enjoy a scenic ferry ride along the Hooghly River for a unique travel experience.
  • Disembark at the Botanical Garden Ghat and walk a short distance to the entrance.

Best time to visit:

Winter (November to February):

Escape the heat and explore the garden in comfort. Winter offers pleasant temperatures (10°C to 25°C) perfect for leisurely strolls amidst the vast expanse. This is the prime season for exploring the garden without discomfort.

Spring (March to April):

Embrace the fresh blooms of spring! The garden bursts with new life and colorful flowers during this season. Temperatures range from 20°C to 30°C, making it comfortably warm for outdoor exploration.

Monsoon (June to September):

The monsoon brings heavy rain and lush greenery to Kolkata. While temperatures remain pleasant (25°C to 30°C), navigating the garden can be challenging due to the downpours.


The Great Banyan Tree:

The Great Banyan Tree Kolkata Botanical Garden, Xplro, West Bengal

Towering over the landscape, the Great Banyan Tree embodies the enduring power of nature. Its age whispers of centuries past, while its sprawling canopy, encompassing a staggering four acres, speaks volumes about its resilience. Beneath a labyrinth of branches and aerial roots, visitors are enveloped in a mystical realm, a timeless sanctuary where worries fade. A testament to nature’s grandeur, the Great Banyan Tree leaves all who witness its majesty spellbound.

Palm Collection, Kolkata Botanical Garden:

Palm Collection Kolkata Botanical Garden, Xplro, West Bengal

Step into a world of wonder at the Kolkata Botanical Garden’s Palm Collection. This captivating haven boasts an impressive array of palm species, each hailing from a vibrant tropical corner of the globe. Towering giants like the Royal Palms stand alongside the graceful forms of the Areca Palms, creating a mesmerizing tapestry of botanical diversity.

Unfurl the secrets of these unique plants. Admire the Livistona’s elegant, fan-shaped leaves, a stark contrast to the Lipstick Palm’s eye-catching red fruit clusters. As you weave through the verdant palm groves, a sensory experience unfolds. Immerse yourself in the beauty and significance of these iconic trees, a testament to the incredible variety that flourishes within the plant kingdom.

Orchid House:

Orchid House Kolkata Botanical Garden, Xplro, West Bengal

The Orchid House is like a magic show for flowers! It’s full of all sorts of colorful and interesting orchids. Some are small and delicate, while others are big and showy. They all smell very nice too!

Walk around the Orchid House and look at all the different kinds. You might even see some orchids you’ve never seen before! It’s a fun place to visit for everyone.

Rose Garden:

Rose Garden Kolkata Botanical Garden, Xplro, West Bengal

The Rose Garden at the Kolkata Botanical Garden is amazing! It’s like a giant flower bed filled with all different kinds of roses. Some roses are small and pink, others are big and red, and there are many other colors too!

You can walk around the garden and smell the sweet scent of the roses. It’s a beautiful place to see all the different shapes and sizes of these pretty flowers.

Japanese Garden:

Japanese Garden Kolkata Botanical Garden, Xplro, West Bengal

The Kolkata Botanical Garden has a special garden that feels calm and peaceful, just like gardens in Japan. Walk along curvy paths and see colorful fish swimming in quiet ponds. There are also tiny trees shaped in neat designs and tall bamboo that sways in the breeze. You’ll even find mossy rocks that look old and interesting. This garden is a great place to relax and forget about everything for a while.

Herb Garden:

Herb Garden Kolkata Botanical Garden, Xplro, West Bengal

Hidden inside the Kolkata Botanical Garden is a special place with plants that can make you feel better! Some are used in old-time Indian medicine, while others are spices that add flavor to food.

Walk through the garden and sniff the air! You might smell familiar things like mint or basil, but there might be new surprises too! This garden shows how plants can be like medicine, helping us feel good inside and out!

Cactus House:

Cactus House Kolkata Botanical Garden, Xplro, West Bengal

Get ready for some prickly pals at the Kolkata Botanical Garden’s Cactus House! This surprising place is filled with all sorts of cacti from hot, dry deserts all over the world. Imagine tall, spiky cacti reaching for the sky, and short, round ones that look like plump pillows! These tough plants have special tricks to survive the heat without much water.

Come see the cool shapes and interesting needles on all the different cacti. Whether you’re a fan of unusual plants or just curious about what grows in the desert, the Cactus House is a place full of wonder!

Lakes and Water Bodies:

Lakes and Water Bodies Kolkata Botanical Garden, Xplro, West Bengal

The Kolkata Botanical Garden has pretty lakes and ponds that make it look even nicer. Take a calm boat ride on the water and see if you can spot any fish or other animals swimming around. There are lots of green plants by the lakes too, making a safe place for birds and other creatures to live. If you’re looking for a quiet place to rest or a nice spot for lunch outside, the lakes at the garden are a peaceful break from the busy city.

Fossil Tree:

Fossil Tree Kolkata Botanical Garden, Xplro, West Bengal

The Kolkata Botanical Garden has a secret hiding in plain sight – a super old tree that’s turned to stone! This amazing fossil is like a time capsule, holding clues about what Earth was like millions of years ago. Imagine towering forests filled with trees just like this one!

Take a close look at the fossilized trunk. Can you see the details like bark or rings? This exhibit is a reminder that everything we see growing today used to be different, and all living things are connected in a long chain through history. It’s a cool way to travel back in time without leaving the garden!

Sculpture Garden:

Sculpture Garden, Xplro, West Bengal

The Kolkata Botanical Garden has a surprise up its sleeve – a special area filled with statues! This is the Sculpture Garden, where all sorts of cool art mixes with the beautiful plants. Some statues are modern and abstract, while others look like real people or animals.

As you wander through the garden, keep your eyes peeled! You might just discover a new statue hiding among the trees. It’s like a giant outdoor art exhibit, a fun way to see how art and nature can be friends. Whether you’re a statue enthusiast or just enjoy exploring outside, the Sculpture Garden is a unique place to check out!

Local Experiences:

River Cruise on the Hooghly River: Experience the beauty of Kolkata’s riverside with a boat ride on the Hooghly River. Enjoy scenic views of iconic landmarks like the Howrah Bridge and the Kolkata skyline.

Visit the Indian Museum: Learn about India’s rich history and culture at the Indian Museum, the oldest museum in India. It houses a vast collection of artifacts.

Explore Park Street: Indulge in Kolkata’s delicious food scene by exploring Park Street, known for its restaurants, cafes, and bars. Try some traditional Bengali cuisine or international flavors.

Stroll Through Maidan: Escape the city’s hustle and bustle with a peaceful walk through Maidan, a large park perfect for picnics, jogging, or simply relaxing amidst greenery.

Explore Kalighat Kali Temple: Visit one of Kolkata’s most revered landmarks, the Kalighat Kali Temple, dedicated to the Hindu goddess Kali. This historic temple is believed to be over 200 years old.

Shop at New Market: Dive into the bustling energy of New Market, Kolkata’s oldest and most famous shopping area. Explore narrow alleys lined with stalls selling everything from clothes and jewelry to handicrafts and souvenirs.

Attend a Cultural Event at Rabindra Sadan: Immerse yourself in Kolkata’s vibrant culture by attending a performance or event at Rabindra Sadan, a renowned cultural center. You might see classical music concerts, dance recitals, theater productions, or literary readings.

Explore College Street Book Market: Browse through endless rows of book stalls selling rare editions, academic texts, and literary classics at College Street, one of the largest second-hand book markets globally.

Visit Belur Math: Experience spiritual peace at Belur Math, the headquarters of the Ramakrishna Math and Mission. Explore the serene gardens, meditation halls, and temples dedicated to Ramakrishna, Sarada Devi, and Swami Vivekananda.

Take a Tram Ride: Take a nostalgic tram ride through the streets of Kolkata for a unique perspective on the city’s architecture and daily life.

Travel tips:

Know Before You Go: Check the garden’s opening hours – they can change depending on the season or day of the week.

Walk in Comfort: The garden is big with different paths. Wear comfy shoes for lots of walking.

Stay Hydrated: Bring a refillable water bottle, especially on hot days. There are water fountains inside the garden too.

Sun Safety: Don’t forget sunscreen! Apply some with a high SPF before your visit.

Bug Be Gone: The garden is green, which can mean bugs. Consider bringing insect repellent to keep them at bay.

Be a Responsible Visitor: Keep the garden beautiful by not littering and respecting the plants and animals. Don’t pick flowers or damage anything.

Stick to the Paths: There are walking paths for a reason. Stay on them to avoid getting lost or bothering wildlife.

Pack Some Snacks: There’s food inside the garden, but bringing snacks is a good idea, especially for longer visits.

Watch the Little Ones: Keep an eye on children, especially near water and high places. Make sure they follow the rules and stay in safe areas.

Camera Ready? Take pictures of your visit, but follow any photography guidelines, especially near delicate plants or special areas.

Events Galore: Check if there are any fun events, exhibits, or flower shows happening during your visit. These can make your trip even more exciting


Unwind amidst nature’s grandeur at the Kolkata Botanical Garden, one of India’s oldest and largest! Explore the iconic Great Banyan Tree, the tranquil Orchid House, the serene Japanese Garden, and a variety of other attractions that promise an immersive experience for visitors of all ages. This botanical oasis serves as a sanctuary for plant enthusiasts, nature lovers, and curious travelers alike. A stone’s throw from Kolkata’s rich heritage, the garden offers a peaceful retreat amidst lush greenery or a cultural excursion through nearby landmarks. Plan your visit using the travel tips on Xplro.com, like checking opening hours, packing comfy shoes and water, and respecting the garden’s natural beauty. From memorable strolls to exciting events, the Kolkata Botanical Garden promises a celebration of the wonders of the natural world.


  1. What is the Kolkata Botanical Garden?
    • The Kolkata Botanical Garden, officially known as the Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden, is a historic botanical garden located on the western banks of the Hooghly River in Kolkata, West Bengal, India. Established in 1787 by Colonel Robert Kyd, it is one of the oldest botanical gardens in India and is renowned for its extensive plant collections and research activities.
  2. When was the Kolkata Botanical Garden established?
    • The Kolkata Botanical Garden was established in 1787 by Colonel Robert Kyd, making it one of the oldest botanical gardens in India.
  3. What are the operating hours of the Kolkata Botanical Garden?
    • The operating hours of the Kolkata Botanical Garden vary depending on the season and day of the week. Visitors are advised to check the official website or contact the garden directly for the most up-to-date information on opening hours.
  4. What are the main attractions of the Kolkata Botanical Garden?
    • The main attractions of the Kolkata Botanical Garden include the Great Banyan Tree, Orchid House, Palm Collection, Rose Garden, Japanese Garden, Herb Garden, Cactus House, Lakes and Water Bodies, Fossil Tree, and Sculpture Garden.
  5. Is photography allowed inside the Kolkata Botanical Garden?
    • Yes, photography is permitted inside the Kolkata Botanical Garden for personal use. However, visitors are encouraged to respect any signage indicating restricted areas or photography guidelines.
  6. Are guided tours available at the Kolkata Botanical Garden?
    • Yes, guided tours are available at the Kolkata Botanical Garden for those interested in learning more about its history, plant collections, and special features. Visitors can inquire about guided tour options at the garden’s information center.
  7. Is the Kolkata Botanical Garden accessible for people with disabilities?
    • The Kolkata Botanical Garden is partially accessible for people with disabilities. Efforts have been made to provide wheelchair access to certain areas, but some parts of the garden may have uneven terrain or limited accessibility.
  8. Are there dining options available inside the Kolkata Botanical Garden?
    • Yes, there are dining options available inside the Kolkata Botanical Garden, including cafes and food stalls offering snacks, beverages, and light meals. Visitors can enjoy refreshments amidst the scenic surroundings of the garden.
  9. Can I bring pets to the Kolkata Botanical Garden?
    • No, pets are generally not allowed inside the Kolkata Botanical Garden to ensure the safety of the garden’s plant collections and wildlife.
  10. Is there an entry fee to visit the Kolkata Botanical Garden?
    • Yes, there is an entry fee to visit the Kolkata Botanical Garden. The fee may vary for different categories of visitors, such as adults, children, students, and foreigners. Visitors are advised to check the official website or contact the garden directly for current entry fees.
  11. Are there restroom facilities available inside the Kolkata Botanical Garden?
    • Yes, restroom facilities are available inside the Kolkata Botanical Garden for the convenience of visitors. These facilities are located at designated areas throughout the garden.
  12. What is the best time to visit the Kolkata Botanical Garden?
    • The best time to visit the Kolkata Botanical Garden is during the winter months (November to February) when the weather is cool and pleasant, making it ideal for outdoor exploration. However, the garden is open year-round, and visitors can enjoy its beauty and attractions in every season.

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